The Golan Heights in the Israel’s northeast are a basaltic plateau formed by repeating eruptions of the dormant volcanoes scattered all over the region. Mount Bental is one of these dormant volcanoes. It has a shape of a horseshoe since its one of its lava walls collapsed during its last eruption some 100,000 years ago.The mountain is over 3,800 feet high and the vistas from its summit are breathtaking.  The path to the summit is decorated with metal sculptures made by Joop de Jong from Merom Golan kibbutz at the foot of the mountain.  On the mountain, one can visit a restored bunker (built by the Syrian army and renovated by the IDF) which tells the story of the Yom Kippur war using wall art and enjoy treats at the “Coffee Anan” coffee bar. There is a water reservoir and beautiful hiking trails around the mountain as well as attractions like horse ride and ATV tours in the area.

Looking east from the lookout located on the summit is the abandoned city of Quneitra and the road leading northeast from Quneitra to Damascus. The place was inhabited at least 2,200 ago and continued through the Roman and Byzantine times. It served as a stop on the road from Damascus to western Palestine. Saint Paul is said to have passed through the settlement on his way from Jerusalem to Damascus,  as written in the Acts of The Apostles:

Meanwhile, Saul was still breathing out murderous threats against the Lord’s disciples. He went to the high priest and asked him for letters to the synagogues in Damascus, so that if he found any there who belonged to the Way… he might take them as prisoners to Jerusalem. As he neared Damascus on his journey, suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him. He fell to the ground and heard a voice say to him, Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me? Who are you, Lord? Saul asked. I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting, he replied…  The men traveling with Saul stood there speechless; they heard the sound but did not see anyone. Saul got up from the ground, but when he opened his eyes he could see nothing. So they led him by the hand into Damascus.” (Acts 9)


Surrounded by hundreds of megalithic (made of large stones) structures called “dolmens” in the southeast corner of the Golan Heights, stands a mysterious megalithic monument named Gilgal Refaim (Rujm el Hiri in Arabic). Gilgal Refaim consists of five concentric circles of basalt rocks with a grave at the center and consists of more than 40,000 basalt rocks with an aggregate weight of about 37,000 tons. The outer circle’s diameter is 520 feet and its circumference is close to 1,600 feet. Archaeological findings suggest that the Golan Heights were inhabited already hundreds of thousands of years ago (by Homo Erectus). Researchers suggest that the monument was built about 6,000 years ago when thousands of people inhabited the area.The purpose of the monument is not clear. Hypotheses include worship, burial, astronomical observations and more. The site is dated thousands of years prior to the time of the bible. Nevertheless, the modern Hebrew name “Gilgal Refaim” connects it to the Bible.

In biblical times a region named Bashan stretched to the east of the Golan Heights, and included a town called Golan:  

Then Moses set aside three cities east of the Jordan, to which anyone who had killed a person could flee if they had unintentionally killed a neighbor without malice aforethought. They could flee into one of these cities and save their life. The cities were these… Golan in Bashan, for the Manassites

The Bible tells us that the Bashan region was populated by giants (Hebrew: “Anakites” or “Rephaites”): 

That too was considered a land of the Rephaites…. They were a people… as tall as the Anakites” (Deuteronomy 2:20)

Og, the king of Bahsan, who was defeated by the Sons of Israel on their way to the Land of Israel was  a Rephaite remnant: 

We took all the towns on the plateau, and all Gilead, and all Bashan as far as Salekah and Edrei, towns of Og’s kingdom in Bashan. Og king of Bashan was the last of the Rephaites. His bed was decorated with iron and was more than nine cubits long and four cubits wide.” (Deuteronomy 3:10)

So the modern Hebrew name Gilgal Refaim (Rephaite Circle) suggests that the monument is a burial monument of a Rephaite king, of which the most popular was Og.